Anura gave a presentation on Electronically Active Smart Textiles.
Authors: Anura Rathnayake, Tilak Dias and Philip Breedon
Keywords: Smart Textiles, Technical Textiles, Wearable Electronics, Wearable Computers
Abstract: The textiles which are used to produce clothing and textiles have found numerous applications in medicine, military, transport and construction sectors, and in many industrial applications. These textiles are designed to carry out a set of predetermined functions within certain boundary conditions, and would fail outside the defined conditions. However the next generation of textiles will have the capability to adopt their functionality according to the changes in their surroundings, i.e. environment. Such textiles are known as Smart Textiles, and should be capable of sensing and be active. Integration of semiconductor devices within textiles has an enormous potential in the creation of Smart Textiles, and such textiles fall into the category of wearable electronics, which during the last few years has registered a dramatic growth in the wearable electronics market sector. The paper gives an overview of smart textiles and discusses some examples of smart textiles applications such as garments which are capable of continuous monitoring vital signs such as ECG, respiratory patterns, blood pressure and skin temperature. Other applications are in the fashion garment industry (light emitting garments) and other areas such as sports and the military.